The village has been chosen as the home of notable figures, such as:
Barnes Wallis (resident 1930–1979), inventor of the Bouncing Bomb; buried in St Lawrence Church graveyard.
Toni Mascolo, co-founder of Toni & Guy
Admiral Sir Francis Turner, lived at Effingham with his family until his death in 1991.
Julian Bailey, former Formula 1 and Le Mans racing driver and former 'Stig' on Top Gear (TV series)
Also Effingham featured in the 1971 comedy film "She'll Follow You